Malwarebytes anti-malware для windows 10

All about malware

You know how every year the medical community campaigns for everyone to get a flu shot? That’s because flu outbreaks typically have a season—a time of year when they start spreading and infecting people.

In contrast, there are no predictable seasonal infections for PCs, smartphones, tablets, and enterprise networks. For them, it’s always flu season. But instead of suffering chills and body aches, users can fall ill from a kind of machine malady—malware.

Each type of malware infection has its own methods of attack—from stealthy and sneaky to subtle like a sledgehammer. But if knowledge is power, as a preventative inoculation against infection, we offer here a short cybersecurity course on malware, what it is, its symptoms, how you get it, how to deal with it, and how to avoid it in the future.

Проверка компьютера на наличие вредоносных программ и других угроз в Malwarebytes

Проверка в новой версии Malwarebytes проводится как в режиме реального времени (т.е. вы будете видеть уведомления, если программа обнаружит что-то нежелательное на вашем компьютере), так и вручную и, в случае наличия стороннего антивируса может быть лучшим вариантом проводить сканирование вручную.

  1. Для проверки запустите (откройте) Malwarebytes и нажмите «Запустить проверку» в информационной панели либо в разделе меню «Проверка» нажмите «Полная проверка».
  2. Начнется сканирование системы, по результатам которой вы увидите отчет.
  3. Он не всегда удобен для ознакомления (не видны точные пути файлов и дополнительная информация). Используя кнопку «Сохранить результаты» вы можете сохранить результаты в текстовый файл и ознакомиться с ними в нем.
  4. Снимите отметки с тех файлов, которые, на ваш взгляд, не следует удалять и нажмите «Поместить выбранные объекты в карантин».
  5. При помещении в карантин, вам может быть предложено перезагрузить компьютер.
  6. После перезагрузки некоторое время программа может долго запускаться (а в диспетчере задач вы увидите, что Malwarebytes Service сильно нагружает процессор).
  7. После того, как программа была перезапущена, вы можете удалить все помещенные в карантин объекты зайдя в соответствующий раздел программы или же восстановить какие-то из них, если оказалось, что после помещения в карантин что-то из вашего ПО стало работать не так как нужно.

По сути, помещение в карантин в случае Malwarebytes — это удаление из прежнего расположения и помещение в базу программы для возможности восстановления в случае непредвиденных ситуаций. На всякий случай, не рекомендую удалять объекты из карантина пока вы точно не удостоверитесь, что всё в порядке.

Скачать Malwarebytes на русском языке можно бесплатно с официального сайта https://ru.malwarebytes.com/

Дополнительная информация

Malwarebytes — сравнительно простая программа, на понятном русском языке и, думаю, каких-то особенных сложностей возникнуть у пользователя не должно.

Среди прочего можно отметить следующие моменты, которые могут оказаться полезными:

  • В параметрах в разделе «Приложение» вы можете снизить приоритет проверок Malwarebytes в разделе «Влияние проверок на производительность системы».
  • Можно проверить конкретную папку или файл с помощью Malwarebytes, используя контекстное меню (правый клик по этому файлу или папке).
  • Чтобы использовать проверку с помощью Защитника Windows 10 (8) отдельно от Malwarebytes, когда в программе включена защита в режиме реального времени, а также не хотите видеть уведомлений Malwarebytes в центре безопасности защитника Windows в Параметры — Приложение — Центр поддержки Windows установите «Никогда не регистрировать Malwarebytes в Центре поддержки Windows.
  • В Параметры — Исключения вы можете добавить файлы, папки и сайты (программа также может блокировать открытие вредоносных сайтов) в исключения Malwarebytes.

Как удалить Malwarebytes с компьютера

Стандартный путь удаления Malwarebytes с компьютера — зайти в панель управления, открыть пункт «Программы и компоненты», найти Malwarebytes в списке и нажать «Удалить».

Или, в Windows 10, зайти в Параметры — Приложения и возможности, нажать по Malwarebytes, а затем — кнопку «Удалить».

Однако, если по какой-то причине эти способы не работают, на официальном сайте есть специальная утилита для удаления продуктов Malwarebytes с компьютера — Malwarebytes Support Tool:

На этом Malwarebytes, если всё прошло штатно, должна быть удалена с вашего компьютера.

What are the most common forms of malware?

Here are the most common offenders in the rogues’ gallery of malware:

  • Adware is unwanted software designed to throw advertisements up on your screen, most often within a web browser. Typically, it uses an underhanded method to either disguise itself as legitimate, or piggyback on another program to trick you into installing it on your PC, tablet, or mobile device.
  • Spyware is malware that secretly observes the computer user’s activities without permission and reports it to the software’s author.
  • A virus is malware that attaches to another program and, when executed—usually inadvertently by the user—replicates itself by modifying other computer programs and infecting them with its own bits of code.
  • Worms are a type of malware similar to viruses. Like viruses, worms are self-replicating. The big difference is that worms can spread across systems on their own, whereas viruses need some sort of action from a user in order to initiate the infection.
  • A Trojan, or Trojan horse, is one of the most dangerous malware types. It usually represents itself as something useful in order to trick you. Once it’s on your system, the attackers behind the Trojan gain unauthorized access to the affected computer. From there, Trojans can be used to steal financial information or install other forms of malware, often ransomware.
  • Ransomware is a form of malware that locks you out of your device and/or encrypts your files, then forces you to pay a ransom to regain access. Ransomware has been called the cybercriminal’s weapon of choice because it demands a quick, profitable payment in hard-to-trace cryptocurrency. The code behind ransomware is easy to obtain through online criminal marketplaces and defending against it is very difficult. While ransomware attacks on individual consumers are down at the moment, attacks on businesses are up 365 percent for 2019. As an example, the Ryuk ransomware specifically targets high-profile organizations that are more likely to pay out large ransoms. For more, check out the Malwarebytes Labs Ransomware Retrospective.
  • Rootkit is a form of malware that provides the attacker with administrator privileges on the infected system, also known as “root” access. Typically, it is also designed to stay hidden from the user, other software on the system, and the operating system itself.
  • A keylogger is malware that records all the user’s keystrokes on the keyboard, typically storing the gathered information and sending it to the attacker, who is seeking sensitive information like usernames, passwords, or credit card details.
  • Malicious cryptomining, also sometimes called drive-by mining or cryptojacking, is an increasingly prevalent malware usually installed by a Trojan. It allows someone else to use your computer to mine cryptocurrency like Bitcoin or Monero. So instead of letting you cash in on your own computer’s horsepower, the cryptominers send the collected coins into their own account and not yours. Essentially, a malicious cryptominer is stealing your resources to make money.
  • Exploits are a type of malware that takes advantage of bugs and vulnerabilities in a system in order to give the attacker access to your system. While there, the attacker might steal your data or drop some form of malware. A zero-day exploit refers to a software vulnerability for which there is currently no available defense or fix.

Advancements in Antivirus Software & Cybersecurity

Two relatively new forms of malware have helped drive the advancement of signature-less detection methods: exploits and ransomware. Though these threats are similar to others in many ways, they can be much harder to detect. Furthermore, once your computer is infected, these threats can be almost impossible to remove.

Exploits get their name because they literally exploit vulnerabilities in a system, software, or web browser in order to install malicious code in a variety of ways. Anti-exploit measures were developed as a shield against this method of attack, protecting against Flash exploits and browser weaknesses, including new exploits that have not been identified or vulnerabilities for which patches have not yet been created.

Ransomware emerged on the malware scene to spectacular effect in 2013. Ransomware made a name for itself by hijacking and encrypting computer data, and then extorting payments as it held the data hostage. and even threatened to erase it if a deadline passed without payment. Originally, both these threats resulted in the development of dedicated anti-exploit and anti-ransomware products.

In December 2016, Malwarebytes folded anti-exploit and malicious website antivirus protection into the premium version of Malwarebytes for Windows. We have since added anti-ransomware for even more advanced anti-malware protection.

What is cybersecurity?

Cybersecurity, or computer security, is a catchall term for any strategy for protecting one’s system from malicious attacks, including both antiviruses and anti-malware. These attacks often aim to do things like hold your computer hostage, steal system resources (as in a botnet), record your passwords and usernames, and a whole host of other bad things. Such attacks might occur via your hardware (like a backdoor) or through your software (like an exploit).

Cybersecurity threats and their countermeasures are varied and nuanced nowadays, but the marketplace naturally strives for simplicity when communicating to consumers. This is why many people still see “viruses” as the biggest threat to their computer security. In reality, computer viruses are just one type of cyberthreat that happened to be popular when computers were in their infancy. They’re far from the most common threat today, but the name stuck. It’s a bit like calling every disease a cold.

“For the most part, antivirus and anti-malware mean the same thing. They both refer to software designed to detect, protect against, and remove malicious software.”

How to protect against malware

In no particular order, here’s our tips on protecting against malware.

1. Pay attention to the domain and be wary if the site isn’t a top-level domain, i.e., com, mil, net, org, edu, or biz, to name a few.

2. Use strong passwords with multi-factor authentication. A password manager can be a big help here.

3. Avoid clicking on pop-up ads while browsing the Internet.

6. Don’t download software from untrustworthy websites or peer-to-peer file transfer networks.

7. Stick to official apps from Google Play and Apple’s App Store on Android, OSX, and iOS (and don’t jailbreak your phone). PC users should check the ratings and reviews before installing any software.

8. Make sure your operating system, browsers, and plugins are patched and up to date.

9. Delete any programs you don’t use anymore.

10. Back up your data regularly. If your files become damaged, encrypted, or otherwise inaccessible, you’ll be covered.

11. Download and install a cybersecurity program that actively scans and blocks threats from getting on your device. Malwarebytes, for example, offers proactive cybersecurity programs for Windows, Mac, Android, and Chromebook. Plus, our latest offering, Malwarebytes Browser Guard. It’s free and it’s the only browser extension that can stop tech support scams along with any other unsafe and unwanted content that comes at you through your browser.

Which is the best recommended antimalware tool?

It is important to note that there is no one perfect antimalware tool that has the answer to every question. Each company generally has their own strengths and weaknesses, which means that each person will need to adapt their security measures accordingly. I have made this list of best antimalware software after installing and testing many antimalware software. You can read the brief review of each product to get an idea. On the other hand you can also take trial of these software yourself to make your decision. I have kept the list short that you don’t have to be confused with a long list. All the above listed tools are equally good. But as every software is made differently, so they could show slightly different results.

Дополнительные характеристики Malware

Malware подготовил неплохой набор языков интерфейса. Так, антивирус предлагает 33 варианта, включая русский. Разочаровать в этом плане может только версия для бизнеса, где доступен всего один язык.

У этой антивирусной программы есть две примечательные особенности. Первая касается высокой скорости её работы. Её удалось добиться за счёт отсутствия баз данных, нагружающих операционную систему и замедляющих функционирование ПО. Вторая особенность — это частота обновлений. За счёт отсутствия баз данных антивирус может эффективно работать и без подключения к интернету. Тем не менее, обновление программы происходит раз в 2 месяца. Такая частота также только играет на руку пользователю.

How good are the standalone antimalware programs?

As we have mentioned that almost all antivirus software have the capability of antimalware. So is there any use of these antimalware programs. As per my view they are still useful. And reasons is here:

As every software have their own methodology of threat detection, so is with the antimalware. Different antivirus or antimalware software are good at different kind of threats. The best thing is that these antimalware software can be easily installed along with the existing security software. As a result they can be used as the secondary security software. Where as you can not install two antivirus software simultaneously.

Как установить Malwarebytes Anti-Malware

Софт доступен в двух версиях: в бесплатной, при которой сканирование и обновления происходят в ручном режиме, и платной.

Для того, чтобы установить программу, вам надо прежде всего скачать дистрибутив. Это можно сделать на официальном сайте разработчика. В процессе скачивания стоит выбрать вариант «Скачать последнюю версию».

Теперь выходим в папку, куда файл скачался, и запускаем его.

Если вы хотите русифицированную версию инсталлятора, то выбираем соответствующий язык. Установка будет вполне традиционной. Перед вами в окне появится русский текст, вам надо прочитать его и выполнить все инструкции. Например, подписать лицензионное соглашение, установить путь для установки программы (если вас не устраивает тот, что идет по умолчанию). Далее ждите, пока закончится процесс установки. Не забудьте снять галочку рядом с фразой «Включить бесплатный тестовый период», а после этого кликнуть на «Завершить».

How to remove malware

Follow these three easy steps to remove malware from your device.

1. Download and install a good cybersecurity program. As it happens, Malwarebytes has programs for every platform we’ve discussed in this article: Windows, Mac, Android, and Chromebook.

2. Run a scan using your new program. Even if you don’t opt for Malwarebytes Premium, the free version of Malwarebytes is still great at removing malware. The free version, however, does not proactively stop threats from getting on your system in the first place.

If your iPhone or iPad is infected with malware (as improbable as that may be). Things are a little trickier. Apple does not permit scans of either the device’s system or other files, though Malwarebytes for iOS, for example, will screen and block scam calls and texts. Your only option is to wipe your phone with a factory reset, then restore it from your backup in iCloud or iTunes. If you didn’t backup your phone, then you’re starting over from scratch.

Do Macs get malware?

Conventional wisdom has sometimes held that Macs and iPads are immune to catching viruses (and don’t need an antivirus). For the most part, that’s true. At the very least, it hasn’t happened in a long time.

“Mac systems are subject to the same vulnerabilities (and subsequent symptoms of infection) as Windows machines and cannot be considered bulletproof.”

Other kinds of malware are a different story. Mac systems are subject to the same vulnerabilities (and subsequent symptoms of infection) as Windows machines and cannot be considered bulletproof. For instance, the Mac’s built-in protection against malware doesn’t block all the adware and spyware bundled with fraudulent application downloads. Trojans and keyloggers are also threats. The first detection of ransomware for Macs occurred in March 2016, when a Trojan-delivered attack affected more than 7,000 Mac users.

In fact, Malwarebytes saw more Mac malware in 2017 than in any previous year. By the end of 2017, the number of new unique threats that our professionals counted on the Mac platform was more than 270 percent higher compared to the number noted in 2016.

Read more about the state of. Mac antivirus and anti-malware.

Функционал

Бесплатная версия утилиты позволяет:

  • выполнять сканирование дисков для полной проверки безопасности работы системы,
  • обновлять базы сигнатур, получая таким образом данные о новейших вирусах,
  • обнаруживать даже стойкие угрозы и удалять их без влияния на системные ресурсы,
  • добавлять обнаженные угрозы в карантин с тем, чтобы можно было такие файлы восстановить в любое для пользователя время (актуально, если файл попал в число вредоносных по ошибке),
  • составлять черный список для исключений,
  • улучшать работу софта за счет дополнений, позволяющих удалить больше вредоносных программ. Среди таких софтов Chameleon, Malwarebytes Anti-Rootkit, StartupLite, Malwarebytes FileASSASSIN,
  • Malwarebytes Chameleon — технология, которая позволяет запустить антивирусник даже в том случае, если он заблокирован под действием вредоносных ПО,
  • проверять файлы по требованию.

Кроме того, имеется версия программы Premium, которая позволяет защищать компьютер в режиме реального времени, а также проводить сканирование по расписанию. Достоинства защиты системы в режиме реального времени в том, что система находит и блокирует угрозы еще при попытках их выполнения.

Кроме того, при такой защите программы-вымогатели не смогут зашифровать ваши данные, вы не попадете на зараженные веб-сайты, не окажетесь на вредоносных ресурсах. Программа также анализирует оперативную память устройства. Также здесь имеются настройки, которые пригодятся опытным пользователям. С их помощью вы можете обозначить действия для каждого конкретного файла и угрозы.

Еще можно запланировать заранее обновление программы и сканирование системы.

What is the history of malware?

Given the variety of malware types and the massive number of variants released into the wild daily, a full history of malware would comprise a list too long to include here. That said, a look at malware trends in recent decades is more manageable. Here are the main trends in malware development.

The 1980s and onward: The theoretical underpinning of “self-reproducing automata” (i.e., viruses) dates back to a lecture delivered in 1949 by 20th century Renaissance man John von Neumann. However, the history of modern viruses begins with a program called Elk Cloner, which started infecting Apple II systems in 1982. Disseminated by infected floppy disks, the virus itself was harmless, but it spread to all disks attached to a system, exploding so virulently that it can be considered the first large-scale computer virus outbreak in history. Note that this was prior to any Windows PC malware. Since then, viruses and worms have become widespread.

The 1990s: Microsoft Windows began its long run as the most popular OS in the world (not to be overtaken till Google’s Android many years later). As the Windows OS and its built-in applications grew in popularity, so too did the number of viruses written for the platform. In particular, malware authors started to write infectious code in the macro language of Microsoft Word. These macro viruses infected documents and templates rather than executable applications, although strictly speaking, the Word document macros are a form of executable code.

2002 to 2007: Instant messaging (IM) worms spread across popular IM networks, including AOL AIM, MSN Messenger, and Yahoo Messenger. Most attacks started with a social engineering ploy. Attackers might send out an IM that reads something like “Who’s with you in this picture?” or “OMG, I think you won the lottery!” along with a link to a malicious download. Once your system was infected, the IM worm would further propagate itself by sending malicious download links to everyone on your contact list.

2005 to 2009: Adware attacks proliferated, presenting unwanted advertisements to computer screens, sometimes in the form of a pop-up or in a window that users could not close. These ads often exploited legitimate software as a means to spread, but around 2008, software publishers began suing adware companies for fraud. The result was millions of dollars in fines. This eventually drove adware companies to shut down. Today’s tech support scams owe much to the adware of yesteryear, employing many of the same tricks as the old adware attacks; e.g., full screen ads that can’t be closed or exited.

2007 to 2009: Malware scammers turned to social networks such as Myspace as a channel for delivering rogue advertisements, links to phishing pages, and malicious applications. After Myspace declined in popularity, Facebook and Twitter became the preferred platforms.

2013: A new form of malware called ransomware launched an attack under the name CryptoLocker, which continued from early September 2013 to late May 2014, targeting computers running Windows. CryptoLocker succeeded in forcing victims to pay about $3 million in total, BBC News reported. Moreover, the ransomware’s success gave rise to an unending series of copycats.

2013 to 2017: Delivered through Trojans, exploits, and malvertising, ransomware became the king of malware, culminating in huge outbreaks in 2017 that affected businesses of all kinds.

2017: Cryptocurrency—and how to mine for it—has captured widespread attention, leading to a new malware scam called cryptojacking, or the act of secretly using someone else’s device to surreptitiously mine for cryptocurrency with the victims’ resources.

2018 to 2019: Ransomware made its big comeback. This time, however, cybercriminals shifted their focus from individual consumers to business targets. Riding a wave of GandCrab and Ryuk ransomware infections, attacks on businesses went up 365 percent from 2018 to 2019. As of this writing, there’s no indication the ransomware attacks will slow down.

Use of Antimalware for business security

The use of antimalware to protect business devices can be a worthwhile investment. In recent years, with the increasing number of businesses being attacked by cyber criminals, more companies are investing in antimalware protection software to safeguard their data from getting into the wrong hands.

Antimalware software helps to prevent data breaches by scanning files for malware. It also can be used as an intrusion prevention system on a company’s network. If the company is breached by malware or hackers they will be alerted to the breach so they can take the appropriate action to stop it from spreading. All the above listed software have support for business use. You can also check the Best business security software.

How does malware affect my business?

As noted in the Malwarebytes Labs Ransomware Retrospective, ransomware attacks on businesses went up 365 percent from Q2 2018 to Q2 2019.

So why are cybercriminals bullish on business attacks? The answer is simple: businesses present a broader attack surface and more bang for the buck. In one noteworthy example, the Emotet banking Trojan hobbled critical systems in the City of Allentown, PA, requiring help from Microsoft’s incident response team to clean up and racking up remediation costs to the tune of $1 million.

In another example, the SamSam ransomware brought the City of Atlanta to its knees by taking down several essential city services—including revenue collection. Ultimately, the SamSam attack cost Atlanta $2.6 million to remediate.

And that’s just the clean-up costs. The costs involved with a data breach and the resulting cases of identity theft are through the roof. The Ponemon Institute’s 2019 Cost of a Data Breach Report pegs the current average cost at $3.92 million.

On the high end, the settlement costs from the 2017 Equifax data breach, which started with a simple and easy to protect against SQL injection, are reportedly around $650 million.

The majority of malware attacks on businesses as of late have been the result of TrickBot. First detected in 2016, the Trickbot banking Trojan has already gone through several iterations as its authors strengthen its evasion, propagation, and encryption abilities.

Considering the tremendous cost associated with a malware attack and the current rise of ransomware and banking Trojans in particular, here’s some tips on how to protect your business from malware.

  • Implement network segmentation. Spreading your data onto smaller subnetworks reduces your attack surface—smaller targets are harder to hit. This can help contain a breach to only a few endpoints instead of your entire infrastructure.
  • Enforce the principle of least privilege (PoLP). In short, give users the access level they need to do their jobs and nothing more. Again, this helps to contain damages from breaches or ransomware attacks.
  • Backup all your data. This goes for all the endpoints on your network and network shares too. As long as your data is archived, you can always wipe an infected system and restore from a backup.
  • Educate end users on how to spot malspam. Users should be wary of unsolicited emails and attachments from unknown senders. When handling attachments, your users should avoid executing executable files and avoid enabling macros on Office files. When in doubt, reach out. Train end users to inquire further if suspicious emails appear to be from a trusted source. One quick phone call or email goes a long way towards avoiding malware.
  • Educate staff on creating strong passwords. While you’re at it, implement some form of multi-factor authentication—two-factor at a bare minimum.
  • Patch and update your software. Microsoft releases security updates the second Tuesday of every month and many other software makers have followed suit. Stay in the loop on important security updates by subscribing to the Microsoft Security Response Center blog. Expedite the patch process by launching updates at each endpoint from one central agent, as opposed to leaving it up to each end user to complete on their own time.
  • Get rid of end of abandonware. Sometimes it’s hard to get rid of old software that’s past its expiration date—especially at a large business where the purchasing cycle moves with the urgency of a sloth, but discontinued software is truly the worst-case scenario for any network or system administrator. Cybercriminals actively seek out systems running outdated and obsolete software so replace it as soon as possible.
  • Get proactive about endpoint protection. Malwarebytes, for example, has multiple options for your business with Endpoint Protection, Endpoint Security, and Endpoint Protection and Response. And for small businesses looking to protect up to 20 devices, check out Malwarebytes for Teams.
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